Tips for Preventing Common Fungal Diseases in Plants

When you start a garden, there can be certain unforeseen problems that can arise. For example, if you are growing crops for consumption, these should be carefully monitored and maintained so that they don’t come down with disease. Fungal diseases are quite common when it comes to plants and it is important to know how to prevent these so you can enjoy the fruits of your labour.

Some of the fungal diseases you will come across are rust, black spot

Powdery mildew and botrytis blight. When you are planting a garden, it can be useful to search for what dangers you can expect. For example, if you are planting a lemon tree, you can search lemon tree diseases to further understand how you can better protect the tree. Understanding the nature of the plants and the diseases they are more prone to will give you a better idea of how to maintain your garden. When you are choosing plants for your garden, make sure to choose varieties that have proven resistance to diseases. And check what requirements are needed by the plant to thrive in an environment so that you can prepare the site accordingly. If you don’t match the site of planting to the plant, this can lead to the plant being under excess stress and therefore being more susceptible to disease.

While watering is important when you are maintaining a garden

You need to understand how much watering is needed and how frequently. The direction in which you water the plant also matters. If you are watering from overhead, this will disrupt mildew spores which is a good thing. But on the flipside, this will also encourage water spread pathogens. To reduce wetness on the leaves, you can water close to the ground. And it is better to water earlier in the day so that any extra moisture can dry out before the night comes. Think about how plants are spaced and how much empty space is around them. You need to prune the plants regularly and ensure they are not overcrowded. Having the right spacing can ensure that there is air circulating around the plants. And they will receive sufficient sunlight as well.

If you see any infected areas of the plant, you need to act quickly. Make sure you prune every part of the plant that is infected. Once you have collected the cut parts, these need to be disposed of. And avoid using this in your compost bin. You need to remove it from the garden so that no trace of the disease remains. And as there can be some remnants of the disease on your tools, you need to sterilise your pruning equipment with a disinfectant. Something you may not think of is that when you are cutting away branches, the touches of fungus on the pruning shears can actually spread the disease. So it is a good idea to wipe the shears before and after making a cut.

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